Kazakhstan – Iran: Cooperation in archival document research

Kazakhstan – Iran: Cooperation in archival document research

Archival documents from Iran shed light on previously unknown pages of Kazakhstan's history. Medieval materials were showcased at the National Center of Manuscripts and Rare Books. During an expedition to Iran, domestic researchers discovered 50 valuable manuscripts, 12 of which have been brought to the country. In foreign archives, they found unique data about the lives of prominent figures of the Great Steppe, from Genghis Khan to Kassym Khan. Historians say that while these facts were already known, there were no reliable documents substantiating them. They believe that these materials will help fill the historical gaps.

“For example, the historical work ‘Ahsan al-Tawarikh’, written by Hasan Beg Rumlu in the 16th century, contains information about Kassym Khan, the chronology of events, and his complete family tree. It also includes valuable facts about Genghis Khan. This data has not been found in any other books. Additionally, the work provides materials about Haknazar Khan,” said Almat Absalikov, chief expert at the National Center of Manuscripts and Rare Books.

The documents will now be translated and introduced into scientific circulation. It is noteworthy that Kazakhstan and Iran have been cooperating in this direction for many years. Earlier, Iran conducted nine specialized courses for domestic scientists on the study of manuscripts. Another course, focusing on the restoration and calligraphy of manuscripts, will be organized soon. 

“Iran has extensive experience in manuscript restoration and we are ready to share it with Kazakhstan. We assist the Kazakh people in preserving and finding forgotten or lost historical treasures. Also, during a special event, we will present another collection of manuscripts as a gift to the National Center. We are confident that the cultural and spiritual ties between the two countries will continue to develop and strengthen,” said Ali Akbar Talebi Matin, Cultural Counselor of the Iranian Embassy in Kazakhstan.

It bears noting that the valuable data was obtained as part of the ‘Archive-2025’ project. This research program aims to identify, acquire, and digitize materials related to the history of Kazakhstan that are found outside the country.